WHEN THE SKIN BECOMES MOTTLED, PATCHY, UNEVEN, FRECKLED, OR PRESENTS SPOTS, OVERACTIVE MELANOCYTES ARE THE CAUSE.
These specialized cells produce melanin in the superficial layers of skin to produce brown, yellow, or red pigment and give our skin its natural tone or color.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanocytes over produce melanin as a result of environmental damage, injury to the skin, or internal changes within our body. Your skin’s natural tone and ethnic background are important factors in determining the best treatment path for your skin.
Amino Acids - These proteins make up many vital components of our body, including collagen and elastin, and help restore/repair these components daily. In the skin, they encourage a healthy barrier, assist with hydration, and help improve elasticity, tone, and suppleness. L-Cysteine and L-Lysine are key amino acids.
Antioxidants and Skin Lightening - Free radicals amplify melanocyte activity and have the ability to hypo and hyperpigment the skin. Topical antioxidants scavenge free radicals and prevent ROS induced melanogenesis.
Azelaic Acid - A dicarboxylic acid, azelaic acid creates beneficial antimicrobial peptides in the skin and is a tyrosine inhibitor, reducing the synthesis of melanin. It is a beneficial ingredient for acne, rosacea, and hyperpigmentation.
Evening Primrose Extract- Contains many polyphenolic compounds and offers anti-inflammatory support of the skin to help reduce melanocyte triggers and pigmentation.
Kojic Acid - A by-product of sake (rice wine) manufacturing, kojic acid inhibits pigment formation in the skin, provides antioxidant support, and offers antibacterial benefits for acne prone skin.
Tannins - Essential constituents of many plants, tannins offer antioxidant support and protect the skin from free radicals and premature aging, have astringent and antibacterial properties, and the ability to form a protective layer over the skin. Speedwell, Lady’s Mantle, Mallow, and Yarrow extracts are high in tannins.
3 PRIMARY FORMS OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
UV exposure contributes to premature signs of aging, including age spots, freckles, mottled tone, and skin cancer. Tanned skin is not healthy. Chronic ultraviolet exposure creates a tan, freckles, age spots, mottled tone, and skin cancer. It can also encourage dehydration, broken capillaries, and collagen degradation.
A type of hyperpigmentation that occurs primarily in women, melasma is most commonly associated with hormonal changes and can be triggered by several different stimuli. It is characterized as dark, irregular and undefined patches of pigmentation located on the upper lip, jaw line, and cheeks. Oral contraceptives and pregnancy are the most common causes of melasma; however, some women experience the condition into menopausal years. Its depth and severity can vary per person and–because it is related to internal changes in the body–the condition cannot be cured, only managed.
Red or brown circular spots that surface from acne blemishes, cuts or other trauma to the skin is called Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH). Sun protection and acne management (if applicable) is essential to help prevent and correct the pigmentation. Lighten Cleansing Bar and spot treatment with Lighten More may help improve the look of PIH.